Liposuction Specialists - Procedures and Techniques

Liposuction Specialists

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Liposuction Specialists
:: Liposuction Procedures and Techniques
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Liposuction Procedures:
Traditional Liposuction, Tumescent Liposuction, Ultrasonic Liposuction, Fluid Injection, Super-wet technique

There are five major liposuction techniques being performed today: Traditional Liposuction, Tumescent Liposuction, Ultrasonic Liposuction, Fluid Injection, and the Super-wet technique. To find a plastic surgeon near you, visit our Find a Surgeon page or complete our Find a Plastic Surgeon form.

The following is a general introduction to the major techniques most often used by plastic surgeons:

Traditional Liposuction

Traditional Liposuction is a procedure in which consists of the removal of excess fat from any of a number of areas of the body (such as such as the chin, cheeks, neck, upper arms, above breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, or ankles) in order to reshape the body’s natural contours. A small tube called a cannula is inserted through a small incision and used to vacuum the fat layer that lies deep beneath the skin. The suction action is supplied by a vacuum pump or a large syringe. Fatty tissue is broken up using the cannula which makes for easier extraction. Finally, incisions are sutured and all extracted fat is properly disposed of.

Tumescent Liposuction

The Tumescent Liposuction technique involves injecting a mixture of local anesthetic, adrenaline, and saline just below the skin. In the tumescent procedure, areas of excess fat are injected with a large amount of anesthetic liquid (lidocaine) before the surgery is performed to numb the surgical area, and adrenaline is also applied to constrict blood vessels. For these reasons tumescent liposuction results in less discomfort and blood loss than traditional liposuction. After the solution is injected into the surgical sites, it spreads throughout the tissues. The liquid causes the layers of fat to become swollen and firm; liposuction is then performed. The process removes most of the liquid, and any left-over fluids will drain through tiny openings.

Ultrasonic Liposuction

Ultrasonic-Assisted liposuction (commonly known as UAL) uses ultrasonic sound waves produced by a generator to liquefy fatty tissue in the body and convert it into oil so that it can be easily removed with a small vacuum-like tube called a cannula. The process involves the introduction of tumescent fluids to harden the fat tissue; the cannula is then inserted through an incision attached to the ultrasonic probe which, when emitting ultrasonic sound waves, will turn the fat into oil; this oil is then suctioned out through the hollow cannula. Ultrasonic liposuction is favored in times when traditional liposuction techniques cannot be employed to extract fat because the target surgical region is out of reach (such as in the upper abdomen, flanks, hip and back) or for removing larger volumes of fat in a single procedure.

Fluid Injection

Fluid-injection liposuction has several advantages: it facilitates the extraction of fat; minimizes blood loss; provides anesthesia during and after surgery; and helps to lessen the amount of bruising after surgery. These advantages are provided for by a solution mixture which in injected into fat deposits before they are removed. This solution consists of an intravenous salt solution, a local anesthetic (lidocaine) and epinephrine (used to contract blood vessels).

Super-wet Technique

The Super-Wet technique is only different from tumescent liposuction in that it does not require as much fluid. The amount of fluid injected is normally equal to the amount of fat to be removed. However, there is more blood loss with the super-wet method than with the tumescent technique (approximately 8% of the fluid removed through super-wet is blood, unlike the tumescent technique where only 1% of the fluid removed is blood). The advantage with the super-wet technique is that it only takes one to two hours to complete, whereas tumescent liposuction could take up to five hours. Also, the super-wet liposuction is comparably safer than the tumescent method because there are less fluids being introduced into the body.

To get referred to a Board Certified plastic surgeon with experience in Liposuction surgery
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